۶•۱•۳. Decimal Fraction Numerals

Decimal fraction numerals are counting numerals which refer to a fraction where the denominator is a power of ten, giving a divisible remainder.

Contents

a. Syntax of Decimal Fraction Numerals

Decimal fraction numerals are generated by means of copulative composition and consist of the following constituents:

  1. The integral part as a cardinal numeral
  2. The noun /momajjez/ ممیّز
  3. If the fractional part begins with a zero, the cardinal numeral /sefr/ صفر
  4. If the fractional part begins with several zeros, the numeral phrase with the pattern [NP[Dcardinal numeral] [NPcardinal numeral /sefr/ صفر]] (with the cardinal numeral according to the number of the zeros).
  5. The fractional part (without leading zeros) as a cardinal numeral

For example:

  • ۱.۰۳: /jek momæjjez sefr se/ یک ممیّز صفر سه
  • ۱۴.۰۰۱۱: /ʧɒrdæh momæjjez do sefr jɒzdæh/ چارده ممیّز دو صفر یازده
  • ۲.۳: /do momæjjez se/ دو ممیّز سه
  • ۱۰.۲۵: /dæh momæjjez bist o pænʤ/ ده ممیّز بیست و پنج
  • ۰.۷۶: /seft momæjjez hæftɒd o ʃeʃ/ صفر ممیّز هفتاد و شش

The mathematical decimal fraction numerals can also be expressed like mixed numerals (or fraction numerals). Grammatically, they do not count among the Decimal Fraction Numerals in the following cases:

  • ۱,۲: /jek o do dæhom/ یک و دو دهم
  • ۲۵,۰۳: /bist o pænʤ o se sædom/ بیست و پنج و سه سدم

Pattern of Numeral Phrases with Decimal Fraction Numerals

Numeral phrases with decimal fraction numerals are generated by means of the pattern [NP[DetPdecimal fraction numeral] [NPnoun phrase]]:

دو ممیّز دوازده گرم /do momæjjez dævɒzdæh geræm/

دوازده ممیّز سه میلیمتر /dævɒzdæh momæjjez se milimetr/

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